WHO has confirmed that an outbreak in Sudan, originally thought to be Yellow Fever is actually Rift Valley Fever. Areas named included: White
Nile, Sennar, and Jazeera provinces in central and eastern Sudan
Promed had some information from Reuters about this and cited 60 dead and 125 cases.
Rift Valley Fever
Basics: A febrile viral illness, similiar to west nile virus, this generally is self-limiting and lasts approximately one week. Fever, headache and malaise are common. Rift Valley Fever is a phlebovirus. May occasionally progress to hemorrhagic complications similiar to Dengue.
Location: Central Africa and as of 2000, Arabian Peninsula.
Transmission/Incubation: Acquired either from handling blood or animals infected with RVF or being bitten by mosquitoes who carry RVF.
Prevention: Prevention of mosquito bites with DEET spray, permethrin treated nets and clothing, avoidance of dawn and dusk biting times.
Diagnosis: Culture and growth of virus in mice
Treatment: Supportive care including fever reduction, pain control and IV fluids/drips for hemorrhagic complications.